Computing Different Realizations of Linear Dynamical Systems with Embedding Eigenvalue Assignment
In this paper we investigate realizability of discrete time linear dynamical systems (LDSs) in fixed state space dimension. We examine whether there exist different Θ = (A,B,C,D) state space realizations of a given Markov parameter sequence Y with fixed B, C and D state space realization matrices. Full observation is assumed in terms of the invertibility of output mapping matrix C. We prove that the set of feasible state transition matrices associated to a Markov parameter sequence Y is convex, provided that the state space realization matrices B, C and D are known and fixed. Under the same conditions we also show that the set of feasible Metzler-type state transition matrices forms a convex subset. Regarding the set of Metzler-type state transition matrices we prove the existence of a structurally unique realization having maximal number of non-zero off-diagonal entries. Using an eigenvalue assignment procedure we propose linear programming based algorithms capable of computing different state space realizations. By using the convexity of the feasible set of Metzler-type state transition matrices and results from the theory of non-negative polynomial systems, we provide algorithms to determine structurally different realization. Computational examples are provided to illustrate structural non-uniqueness of network-based LDSs.
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