Asymptotic approximation for the quotient complexities of atoms

  • Volker Diekert
  • Tobias Walter


In a series of papers, Brzozowski together with Tamm, Davies, and Szykuła studied the quotient complexities of atoms of regular languages [6, 7, 3, 4]. The authors obtained precise bounds in terms of binomial sums for the most complex situations in the following five cases: (G): general, (R): right ideals, (L): left ideals, (T): two-sided ideals and (S): suffix-free languages. In each case let κc(n) be the maximal complexity of an atom of a regular language L, where L has complexity n ≥ 2 and belongs to the class C ϵ {G, R, L, T , S}. It is known that κT(n) ≤ κL(n) = κR(n) ≤ κG(n) < 3n and κS(n) = κL(n−1). We show that the ratio κC(n)/κC(n−1) tends exponentially fast to 3 in all five cases but it remains different from 3. This behaviour was suggested by experimental results of Brzozowski and Tamm; and the result for G was shown independently by Luke Schaeffer and the first author soon after the paper of Brzozowski and Tamm appeared in 2012. However, proofs for the asymptotic behavior of κG(n)/κG(n−1) were never published; and the results here are valid for all five classes above. Moreover, there is an interesting oscillation for all C: for almost all n we have κC(n)/κC(n−1) > 3 if and only if κC(n+1)/κC(n) < 3.


Download data is not yet available.
How to Cite
Diekert, V., & Walter, T. (2015). Asymptotic approximation for the quotient complexities of atoms. Acta Cybernetica, 22(2), 349-357.
Regular articles