Classifier combination schemes in speech impediment therapy systems

  • Dénes Paczolay
  • László Felföldi
  • András Kocsor


In the therapy of the hearing impaired one of the key problems is how to deal with the lack of proper auditive feedback which impedes the development of intelligible speech. The effectiveness of the therapy relies heavily on accurate phoneme recognition [1, 4, 17]. Because of the environmental difficulties, simple recognition algorithms may have a weak classification performance, so various techniques such as normalization and classifier combination are applied to increase the recognition accuracy. This paper examines Vocal Tract Length Normalization techniques [5, 13] focusing mainly on the real-time parameter estimation [12], and the majority of classifier combination schemes, including the traditional (Prod, Sum, Min, Max) [7], basic linear (simple, weighted, AHP-based [6] averaging), and some special linear (Bagging, Boosting) combinations. Based on the results we conclude that hybrid combinations can improve the effectiveness of the real-time normalization methods.


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How to Cite
Paczolay, D., Felföldi, L., & Kocsor, A. (2005). Classifier combination schemes in speech impediment therapy systems. Acta Cybernetica, 17(2), 385-399. Retrieved from
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