An arithmetic theory of consistency enforcement

  • Sebastian Link
  • Klaus-Dieter Schewe


Consistency enforcement starts from a given program specification S and a static invariant I and aims to replace S by a slightly modified program specification SI that is provably consistent with respect to I. One formalization which suggests itself is to define SI as the greatest consistent specialization of S with respect to I, where specialization is a partial order on semantic equivalence classes of program specifications. In this paper we present such a theory on the basis of arithmetic logic. We show that with mild technical restrictions and mild restrictions concerning recursive program specifications it is possible to obtain the greatest consistent specialization gradually and independently from the order of given invariants as well as by replacing basic commands by their respective greatest consistent specialization. Furthermore, this approach allows to discuss computability and decidability aspects for the first time.


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How to Cite
Link, S., & Schewe, K.-D. (2002). An arithmetic theory of consistency enforcement. Acta Cybernetica, 15(3), 379-416. Retrieved from
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